In the year 1980, no one would have thought that we would need a device, the size of a hand, through which we call our friends, send pictures and conduct business meetings. But here we are, in 2021, stuck in a pandemic and the only thing keeping us connected to people and the world of latest Artificial Intelligence technology. 20 years ago, it was hard to imagine a world where people would be stuck in their homes but still managing their business and daily activities. But the pandemic of 2020 has made many people learn that we need very revolutionary things to survive; that thing is AI, Artificial Intelligence. From the smartphones, you use every day to the apps such as zoom and Twitter, all of these are different forms of AI.
At this point, you probably don’t realize how much Artificial Intelligence technology is a part of your home but let me break it down to you. You are reading this article on your phone, which is a child of AI. The internet that enables you to access this article is built from modern technology. Then you indulge in some online shopping with the help of a website or an app, which again is a product of AI. Everywhere, you are surrounded by a countless number of technological products, and safe to say it doesn’t stop here. In the coming years, your education infrastructure and daily transport will be modernized to an extent where everything will be only a click away.
What is AI and Who Made it?
Artificial Intelligence technology can be described as the intelligence of humankind imitated in machines. Those machines perform functions and solve problems like humans. Any machine that exhibits human-like characteristics such as problem-solving can be referred to as AI. The function of AI is to rationalize and solve problems.
The interest in Artificial Intelligence technology emerged when mathematicians and thinkers investigated mechanical operation of symbols. This led to the discovery of the programmable digital computer, the Atanasoff Berry Computer (ABC) in the 1940s. This breakthrough sparked researchers’ interest in developing an “electronic brain,” or artificially intelligent entity.
Alan Turing, a British mathematician, posed the issue of whether a computer might ever acquire the same degree of intellect as a human being in a 1950 paper. The Stanford Research Institute created the first robot in 1969 that could walk around and respond to orders using cameras and sensors. And, for the first time, a computer program defeated a global chess champion in 1997, when IBM’s Deep Blue computer defeated the reigning world champion, Garry Kasparov, 4–2.
The advancements in AI have increased significantly since then. We now have smarter AI. It has already invaded many aspects of our daily life, including text, pictures, and speech recognition. You likely use translation tools regularly, use a smartphone with a facial recognition capability, or interact with chatbots or intelligent voice assistants like Siri and Alexa. Personalized internet advertising, like Google’s algorithm for choosing which search results display at the top of the screen, is based on Artificial Intelligence.
How AI has Become A Part of your Life?
Whether you understand it or not, you already utilize AI daily. Consider your smartphone’s lively personal assistant. Over time, the AI in your mobile phone is trained to learn more about your routines – and the intricacies of your specific speech patterns. The sudden discount codes you get and the link to articles in your emails? They are made feasible by software that has been taught to watch your behavior over time — in the form of web surfing and legitimate transactions — and to make predictions behind the scenes based on the information it has gathered about you. Yes, it does seem scary and it’s happening every day around you.
Do you ever wonder why Facebook shows you ads for stuff that you were just searching for? Well, there’s smarter AI behind it. Facebook sketches a profile of you based on pages you have liked on FB, the posts that you saved, groups you are a part of. Since Instagram is owned by Facebook, a good amount of data about you is collected from there as well. All of this profiling leads to showing you the kind of advertisements on your Facebook feed that you will like.
AI v/s Humans
People may need to integrate with computers to live if Artificial Intelligence technology becomes billions of times smarter than humans in the future of AI. Machines are already outperforming humans in several areas. They can beat humans in several strategic games, including chess, Go, and certain Atari video games. Machines are now capable of doing surgery and flying planes. Machines have recently begun driving cars and trucks, though some of them may have difficulty passing the driver’s test.
However, self-driving vehicles, voice assistants, and robotics have a long way to go before they can compete with the human brain. The capacity to attain goals in a variety of circumstances is a common definition of intelligence. AI apps nowadays, on the other hand, always specialize in a single job. They solve difficulties by adhering to rules that have been developed expressly for the work at hand.
Humans, on the other hand, can use intelligence in many domains. Certain domains of a human brain such as emotions like empathy, anger, sorrow cannot be imitated or stimulated. The human brain has emotions which a machine lack.
The Future of AI:
The Artificial Intelligence technologies of today are classified as weak AI. Weak AI has exceeded human proficiencies in numerous sectors. Strong AI can transfer information and abilities from domain to another, as well as take tough decisions in certain matters, including unexpected ones. Strong AI can operate autonomously and adapt to a wide range of problems. It can also converse pro-actively with other robots and people. A capable AI virtual assistant would be able to predict our desires without previously receiving instructions.
The capacity to learn autonomously, which we are familiar with now mostly in the context of machine learning, is a crucial aspect of strong Artificial Intelligence. Machine learning requires a large quantity of data and issues to solve. It also needs unique algorithms capable of recognizing meaningful patterns in data. These algorithms must be excellent and must have the ability to learn. They must be able to adapt to changing situations continuously. Furthermore, AI must be able to apply the appropriate algorithms to the given challenge. In some ways, they are the same things that the human brain learns throughout our lifetimes.
Artificial Intelligence requires sophisticated algorithms, experience and knowledge stored in form of data to identify optimum best way to solve problem. Though, we have yet to construct robust Artificial intelligence with such self-optimizing capabilities. Advances in machine learning are thus required to make the shift from weak to strong Artificial Intelligence.
Smarter AI will become immensely popular. It will exceed human intelligence and we might rely on Artificial Intelligence technology for everything.